BISCAY

Data of the Town

Gernika-Lumo

Town

Gernika-Lumo

Municipality

Gernika-Lumo / Region: Busturialdea - Urdaibai or region of Guernica

Province

Biscay

Community

Basque Country - Basque Country

Habt. / Ine 2004

15855

 

Town hall

Direction

Square Jurisdictions, 3

ZIP code

48300

Phone

946270200

Fax

946257542

Office Tourism

To contact with telf. quoted

Official web

Gernika-Lumo

Web of Interest

 

E-mail municipality

info@gernika-l umo.net
   

The municipality of Guernica and Luno arises in XVIIIth century as administrative union of the town of Guernica (that was founded on areas of the porch of Luno) and the porch from Luno. In this union his own right preserved every entity: her porch the statutory right (own of the Flat Earth of Biscay) and the town the Castilian common right.

The town is placed to 10 m of altitude, in the region of Busturialdea, in the vale of the river Goose, forming her Laughs at Guernica.

The city is known for being a victim of a bombing for the Legion Condor of the Luftwaffe on April 26, 1937, during the War Civil Spaniard (to see Bombing of Guernica). The Germans attacked to support Franco in his attempt of demolishing the government of The second Spanish Republic. giving place to an air bombing on civil population of an intensity known till then. Guernica was devastated, although the House of Meetings and the tree not were damaged.

Pablo Picasso painted his famous picture Guernica to show to the world the horrors of the war. Also, the Basque volunteers who took part in the Brigade Carnot of the French Forces of Interior in the Second World war they took the name of Battalion Gernika.

After the incorporation of the Dominion of Biscay to the crown of Castile, there was generalized the custom of which the Castilian kings were coming to Gernika to give “so the Tree ” the oath of to respect the Jurisdictions vizcainos. Francisco de Mendieta gathered oath of the Jurisdictions for King D. Fernando Catholic 30 of July, 1476 in a so called picture popularly “El royal audience ”. The applicant to king D. Carlos de Borbón, during the wars Carlists, came to Gernika, one July 3, 1875 to swear them Jurisdictions.

Very good the restaurant spit Zallo Barri

Nuclei: Gernika-Lumo, Errenteria, Swindle, Lumo, Zallo

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