Data of the Town





Muxika / Region: Busturialdea - Urdaibai or region of Guernica




Basque Country - Basque Country

Habt. / Ine 2004



Town hall


Ugarte Auzoa, 1

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Placed in the central part of the province. The river waters his term for E. Goose with such tributaries as Alsetey creek. His capital, porch of Ugarte de Múxika, finds in the center of the municipal term, in the confluence of two creeks. The area S. is the most mountainous ranging his heights between 977 (Usparitxumendi) 188 m.

Parish of San Vicente of Ugarte.
Primitive foundation of the Xth century; reformed in the XVIIIth century. Donation of master of Biscay Lope Iñíguez to the monastery of San Millán of Cogolla in 1082; patronage granted later to the gentlemen of the Muxica house. Of the primitive building, which remains were seen by authors like Iturriza, Delmas or Vázquez, they do not stay but any segments of the cornice in the wall N. Much fragmented by construction of the buttresses of the current temple and disfigured for the whitewashed one, there appear a few canecillos and a few pieces of cornice Romanesque, of valuable value. In the second stretch there is three segments of cornice supported by five canecillos. The cornice, in convex profile, should have repeated along the whole perimeter the same decorative motive of sheets of holm oak. The naturalism is notably, inside a rudimentary scheme. In the North wall, to rim of the river, there appear two windows that they remind to the absidiales and to those of the feet of the chapel of San Román, although of better it invoices. That of the second stretch from the feet, with effusion exterior and of half a point, is geminado, with decorative motives of you flute in the mullion. They turn over on him two pointed arches; his eardrum has óculo simply that draws a small cross at present blocked up. The vain one of the stretch of the feet is different. Also geminado, but it does not accuse effusion. On a thick mullion, there bear two vain geminales, something pointed, and contents in three ashlars. finds been blocked up by it also. With regard to the iconography of the canecillos, the deterioration that they have suffered makes the identification difficult. The first one for the left represents to a figure in clerical suit; second, to warrior with spear that touches musical instrument as tuba; the third one, a young warrior; the following one is unrecognizable, and the fifth one is a beast. In the contiguous stretch a piece survives of cornice supported by three dogs; they are of so difficult identification as others. That of the left is a figure with the arms in cross, that of the center perhaps the Child represents the Virgin with , and other to a bishop accompanied by priests. The skill is simple, of coarse modeling; the iconography does that they could be provided in the XIIth century. The vain ones of the side of the Gospel seem more modern. San Vicente de Ugarte, example of the Romanesque rural one vizcaíno, was constructed at least about 1150.

Chapel of San Román. Foundation previous to the parish of San Vicente, according to Iturriza; theory pushed back nowadays. Building with plant of only one rectangular ship with flat head. The ship faces of E-or, with walls of masonry of simple tackle, with ashlars chained in the corners. Covering to two slopes with wooden armor. I enter for the South flank, for vain aimed with arch of eight voussoirs, which support on the wall by means of one rustic fascia; datables about the IIIrd century. It possesses two vain ones opened in the gable end of the feet with arches slightly pointed and emptyings in the same ashlar. Notable windows in the apse; Romanesque rural forward position of the XIIIth century. Vain geminados, with light note and exterior effusion. Mullions with compound bases. These vain, for his constructive and decorative characteristics, already denote a styling next to the Gothic. (Ref. It swept Faience, J. A.: The Romanesque Architecture vizcaína, Bilbao, 1982).

Palace of Goose, XVIth century; you arm of the surname. Lot of Yberzarra, century XVIII; you arm of Labayen and Zugasti, in the Ariaza quarter. Lot of Landaguren, XVIIth century; you arm of Múgica, Aperribay, Landaguren and Cabin.

Torrebarria, probably of the XIth century, renewed; you arm of Luno.

Hamlet Igertu, Tower of Múgica, in the quarter of San Román. Lot of the Múgica lineage. Of remote origins, that Iturriza places in Xth century, the most ancient construction of that remains stay it seems to be, following Salazar, of the XIVth century. Beaten in partially in the century XV, a palatial part was added to him in the XVIth century, being set repaired in 1782. Gothic tower with remains of medieval construction taken down on basement with tackle of masonry in courses and sillarejo in the front N. 5 m wall consists of one . of height for 2,80 m. of thickness, limiting an area quadrangular of 19 x 20 m. Occupying half of the lot received for the tower lifts the later building, without scarcely you differ structural with the primitive construction. First floor is opened on the outside his by two flat income; in the second plant, window geminada of semicircular arches, being missing the mullion. It finishes off the fronts a dogs tier. The covering of the tower is with roof to four waters, sustained straight in the walls perimetrales and reformed by means of six suspenders. (Ref. J. M. González Cembellín: Tower of Mújica, in Monuments of Biscay, Bilbao, 1987). (to see idi=es)

Nuclei: Muxika, Ibarruri, San Román, Ugarte, Usparitxa, Gorozika, Ajuria

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