Data of the Town

Ziortza Bolibar




Ziortza Bolibar / Region: Lea-Artibai or region of Marquina




Basque Country - Basque Country

Habt. / Ine 2004



Town hall


Domingo Ugartetxea 3

ZIP code






Office Tourism

To contact with telf. quoted

Official web

Ziortza Bolibar

Web of Interest


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Bolivar or Bolíbar (in ancient Castilian) (Bolibar officially and according to the current Basque spelling) is a porch of Biscay (Basque Country) placed in the margins of the creek namesake (also called Bolibar and Bolíbar) to chirp of the mount Oiz.

From 1969 until 2004 it belonged, together with the Cenarruza/Ziortza quarter, to the municipality of Markina-Xemein, until a local movement achieved that both quarters were constituting again in municipality independently, this time with the name of Ziortza-Bolibar.

The denomination of the municipality of Ziortza-Bolibar, there comes of union of the most historical names of two of his quarters.
Ziortza (Cenarruza) appears for the first time in the history, the year 1082. It does it across the Gothic “becerro ”, an ancient manuscript of the monastery of S.Millán de la Cogolla.
Nevertheless, the tradition mends his origins to the year 968. The name of Ziortza has been secularmente ligature to his church, turned later in collegiate church and at present in Cistercian monastery, being the this one of the historical enclaves more important of route jacobea Cantabrian.
The first documentary news on the Bolibar existence (Bolivar) it dates of the year 1051 and it is she who alludes to the existence in of an abbot.
Bolibar is a Basque place name composed by the words “bolu ” (mill) and “ibar ” (fertile plain), what would come to mean “la fertile plain of mill ”. This place name gave birth to the name of the ancient one it populates (It populates it of Bolivar) and later to the surname. Thanks to one of the progeny of that one (Simón Bolivar), the place name original would turn into one of the most well-known Basque surnames and extended by the world, especially into the American continent

The parochial church of Santo Tomás of Bolivar usually happens like founded by the masters of the lineage or solar house of Bolivar in the century X, but only there is known certifying with proper documentation in the XIth century, year 1051, in the fact that some abbot Ligoario de Bolívar appears, signing like witness of a document of donation to San Millán. In 1386, the gentleman of Biscay granted the patronage of the above mentioned parish, together with the use of his tithes, seles, benefits and taxes of the farmers censuarios his to the Cenarruza abbey, by means of the obligation of a daily mass and the foundation of a hospital for poor.

Founded in the Middle Age and rebuilt between 1600 and 1730, one has nice atrium, in whose end finds a chapel with a collection of interesting headstones and a Christ of the XIVth century. They are worthy of to emphasize a Byzantine crucifix of enameled copper that is in the vestry and the beautiful processional cross of silver in style plateresque, work of Martín de Betoño and Sebastián de Castañeda, donated by the abbot of Flowers in the XVIth century. Palace of Bolivar - áuregui.- Built by the family Bolivar and much transformed, two preserves typical windows.

The collegiate church of Zanarruza or of Ziortza places to scarce 2 kilometers of the downtown. It was an important one it nails inside route jacobea of the coast and his influence was extending more beech of region overcoming the ambience religious.

The tradition marks his foundation in the Xth century with a legend that counts like the day of Asunción of the year 968 the neighbors were celebrating mass in the church of Saint Lucia of Garay in Guerricaiz and an eagle took a calabera of a grave that was opened and I take it until I drop it in the place where today the church is of collegiate church. The neighbors understood this fact as a sign and they raised, in the place where the eagle left the calabera, religious complex.

The etymology of the name can come from Tzea Urriak (Cea Urriac) name of a plant that was very frequent in the place, or from Tzear Otza that means "cold hillside". (ftes to see links)

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